Selaus syöttöajan mukaan kokoelmassa VATT Discussion Papers (1990-2008)

    • A Distributional Analysis of Displacement Costs in an Economic Depression and Recovery 

      Kyyrä, Tomi; Korkeamäki, Ossi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 465 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2008)
      We study the earnings losses of Finnish private sector workers who lost their jobs at two very different points in the business cycle. The first group was displaced in 1992 (depression period) and the second one in 1997 ...
    • Optimal Public Procurement Contracts Under a Soft Budget Constraint 

      Mälkönen, Ville
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 464 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 31.12.2008)
      This paper presents a model where the central government cannot ensure that regional governments manage risks prudentially, due to soft budget constraint. Competition for project funding induces the regional governments ...
    • Tax Progressivity and Recent Evolution of the Finnish Income Inequality 

      Sullström, Risto; Riihelä, Marja; Suoniemi, Ilpo
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 460 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 17.12.2008)
      After the Economic Crisis in early 1990s the Finnish economy has recovered rapidly, and simultaneously a major period of equalization from the mid 1970s to the mid 1990s has been reversed, taking the levels of the Gini ...
    • Should RD Champions be Protected from Foreign Takeovers? 

      Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina; Bertrand, Olivier; Norbäck, Pehr-Johan; Persson, Lars
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 459 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.11.2008)
      We analyze how the entry mode of Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) affects affiliate R&D activities. Using unique affiliate level data for Swedish multinational firms, we first present empirical evidence that acquired ...
    • Housing Allowance and the Rent of Low-income Households 

      Kangasharju, Aki
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 458 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.11.2008)
      This paper analyses the effect of a housing allowance programme on the rent paid by assisted low-income households. The data consist of some 12,000 rental households in the free market and municipal sectors during 1994–2003. ...
    • Assimilation to a Welfare State: Labor Market Performance and Use of Social Benefits by Immigrants to Finland 

      Sarvimäki, Matti
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 454 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.10.2008)
      Abstract: I study the assimilation of immigrants to the Finnish labor market and welfare system. The initial immigrant-native earnings gaps are large. While longterm immigrants experience a rapid earnings growth, only men ...
    • Employment Policies in Two Ageing Societies: Japan and Finland Compared 

      Räisänen, Heikki; Hori, Haruhiko
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 453 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 30.09.2008)
      This study compares employment policies between two rapidly ageing societies: Japan and Finland. This paper concentrates on analysing the elderly people who leave the labour market early and the young people entering the ...
    • A Publication Activity Model for Finnish Universities 

      Räty, Tarmo; Bondas, Micke
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 448 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.09.2008)
      This paper presents a publication activity model that calculates a research aggregate for the study fields of Finnish universities. The aggregate is expressed in terms of full-time equivalent research years conditional to ...
    • Understanding Efficiency Differences of Schools: Practitioners' Views on Students, Staff Relations, School Management and the Curriculum 

      Kirjavainen, Tanja
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 450 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.09.2008)
      This study analyses the views of the staff members of nine upper secondary schools in Finland that were in the upper or lower tails of the efficiency distribution measured with stochastic frontier analysis. Teachers and ...
    • Testing a Flood Protection Case by Means of a Group Decision Support System 

      Perrels, Adriaan; Molarius, Riitta; Porthin, Markus; Rosqvist, Tony
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 449 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.09.2008)
      The report discusses an experimental decision-making simulation session applied to a flood protection case study against the backdrop of flood risks reinforced by climate change. A diverse set of interest groups was ...
    • Anticipating Tax Changes: Evidence from the Finnish Corporate Income Tax Reform of 2005 

      Kari, Seppo; Karikallio, Hanna; Pirttilä, Jukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 447 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.07.2008)
      Using register-based panel data covering all Finnish firms in 1999–2004, we examine how corporations anticipated the 2005 dividend tax increase via changes in their dividend and investment policies. The Finnish capital and ...
    • Imputed Rental Income, Taxation and Income Distribution in Finland 

      Saarimaa, Tuukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 446 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 02.07.2008)
      This paper analyses the effects of imputed rental income from owner-occupied housing and its taxation on income distribution in Finland. Using micro-data from the 2004 Wealth Survey produced by Statistics Finland we find ...
    • Is There an Election Cycle in Public Employment? Separating Time Effects from Election Year Effects 

      Dahlberg, Matz; Mörk, Eva
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 444 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.05.2008)
      Do governments increase public employment in election years? This paper investigates this question by using data from Sweden and Finland, two countries that are similar in many respects but in which local elections are ...
    • Employment and Wage Effects of a Payroll-Tax Cut-Evidence from a Regional Experiment 

      Korkeamäki, Ossi; Uusitalo, Roope
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 443 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.04.2008)
      In this paper we evaluate the effects of a regional experiment that reduced payroll-taxes by 3–6 percentage points for three years in Northern Finland. We match each firm in the target region with a similar firm in a ...
    • Partial Unemployment Insurance Benefits and the Transition Rate to Regular Work 

      Kyyrä, Tomi
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 440 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 19.03.2008)
      In Finland, unemployed workers who are looking for a full-time job but take up a part-time or very short full-time job may qualify for partial unemployment benefits. In exchange for partial benefits, these applicants must ...
    • Varying Biases in the Matching Estimates: Evidence from Two Randomized Job Search Training Experiments 

      Hämäläinen, Kari; Uusitalo, Roope; Vuori, Jukka
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 438 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 07.02.2008)
      We compare various matching estimators to the results of two randomized field experiments that evaluate employment effects of job search training programs. We find that commonly used non-experimental matching estimators ...
    • Revealing Agglomeration Economies with Stochastic Frontier Modelling in the Finnish ICT Industry 

      Berghäll, Elina
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 435 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 14.01.2008)
      Agglomeration economies are sought with stochastic frontier methodology to analyse their role in the extraordinary productivity growth of the knowledge-intensive information and communication technology (ICT) equipment ...
    • Vocational Labour Market Training in Promoting Youth Employment 

      Tuomala, Juha; Hämäläinen, Kari
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 432 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 05.12.2007)
      This study evaluates the employment effects of vocational labour market training in Finnish youth labour markets. We are especially interested in whether the timing of an intervention matters. We explore this issue by ...
    • Efficiency of Finnish Upper Secondary Schools: An Application of Stochastic Frontier Analysis with Panel Data 

      Kirjavainen, Tanja
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 428 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2007)
      In this study the efficiency of Finnish upper secondary schools is evaluated with stochastic frontier analysis. Different stochastic frontier models for panel data are used to estimate education production functions. The ...
    • Determinants of Health Care Expenditures in Finnish Hospital Districts 1993-2005 

      Aaltonen, Juho
      VATT-keskustelualoitteita : 429 (Valtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus VATT, 08.11.2007)
      This study assesses which factors explain the development of health care expenditures in Finnish hospital districts during 1993–2005. According to the results, real health care expenditures in hospital districts during the ...