The Global Dangers of Good Intentions - Addressing the Swedish and Norwegian Approaches to Combat Climate Change
Rudholm Kriström, Jonathan (2023)
Rudholm Kriström, Jonathan
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This thesis is a documentary analysis researching two National Communications (NCs) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), representing the gathered attempts of two of our most environmentally prominent countries, Sweden and Norway, in how they combat climate change in a global context. The research gives insight into how two of the most environmentally prominent countries continue to improve in international sustainability ratings while global emissions continue to rise and how they are using their resources to combat climate change on an international level. The theoretical framework used to add depth to the answers to the research questions consists of an Anthropocentric versus an Ecocentric perspective based on Green Economy versus Environmental Economics, Shallow Ecology versus Deep Ecology, and Weak Sustainability versus Strong Sustainability. It results in the insight that the nations have a significant impact on global society through their collaborations, economic interests, emissions, and policies. However, the Ecocentric perspective is prioritized to a lower degree than the Anthropocentric perspective. The ecocentric attempts from these nations are limited due to their national economic interests and international policy incoherence. This results in them reducing the effects of climate change within national borders while their actions promote economic growth at the cost of the global environment.
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